The largest city not only in Russia but also in Europe. No doubt, the city
is the most populous in Russia, but it has large forest-park territories
nevertheless. The city is situated on the Moscow River – on the East European
Plain in central Russia. The altitude difference is 130 meters in the city.
Moscow has one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world and at
the same time there are very many skyscrapers in the city.
The first reference to Moscow dates from 1147 This year is considered to be a
date of a city foundation.No doubt, there were some settlements on the territory
of Moscow much earlier. Archaeologists have found ruins of a II Millennium BC
settlement. It is possible that during the next reconstructions of buildings in the
center of Moscow the scientists will find other ruins of old buildings again.
They say that the boyar Stepan Kuchka owned settlements on the territory of
Moscow before 1147 Then, these lands were called the Kuchkovo field, or
Kuchkov. Only in the time of the Russian Prince Yury Dolgoruky this defensible
territory, began to be transformed into a fortified settlement and it received its
new name – Moscow.
Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal
District of European Russia, making it the world's most populated inland city. The
city is well known for its architecture, particularly its historic buildings such
as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. With over 40 percent of
its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities
in Europe and the world